US Bases in Australia
While this list is not exhaustive it does purport to show the entanglements of the Australian military in the US military. This is only to be expected after 50 years of the Australian-US military alignment. A base of the US military can be for year round occupation or for occupation of some weeks per year. The activities of the Australian military in collecting intelligence for the US can make a base which is wholly paid for and staffed by Australians a de facto US base.
Pine Gap is really about three facilities employing 750 to 1,000 US and Australian personnel
- SigInt collecting
- DSP and now star wars bases
- Photographic section
- Seismic station in Alice Springs itself
- Town facility -see the website. It is huge!
This base is largely in mothballs but can be activated by the US at any time it deems necessary.
- Communication towers
- Solar observatory run by the US airforce
- Mundaring WA
- Hobart TAS
- Sydney NSW
- Charters Towers Qld
- Daly Waters NT
- Tennant Creek
- There is another one near Wagga Wagga but cannot confirm.
Australian Signals Directorate is part of the UK/USA agreements - all these bases are part of the US system of Echelon
- Watsonia -Melbourne -Vic
- Geraldton -WA
- Shoal Bay NT
- ASD HQ Canberra
Bases hosting outposts of the Military Airlift Command (MAC) of the US airforce are:
- Richmond NSW
- Learmouth WA
- Pearce WA
- Salisbury SA
Under agreements signed long ago - the Royal Australian Airforce Bases (RAAF) are to be made available to the US when required
- RAAF Darwin
- Williamtown NSW
- others in the north around Kimberley and Cape York
Signals and electronic war outlets
- Cabarlah Qld
- Hariman ACT may have moved to Wagga NSW.
- Australian Navy bases used frequently
- Stirling WA
- Sydney and Jervis Bay
Frequently used by the US
- Delamere NT bombing training range
- Shoalwater Bay Qld - jungle training
The US change the nature of NASA from the civilian to the military some time ago (10 years ago)
- Tidbinbulla ACT is a US military base
- part of the US Space Command of the US airforce.
- Omega Station at Dariman Vic
By the way the US wanting more bases in Australia was dated 21/6/01 SMH
I do not think that the list above is exhaustive and I argue that Australian bases which are used frequently and often by the US are then de facto US bases. There is a criss crossing of agreements about the use of Australian military facilities for US purposes. The use of these bases may only be for short periods during the year but the ready provision of them for the use of the US elevates them to US bases.
All Australian military and some civilian airports and seaports are to be put at the disposal of the US military should the need arise. There agreements signed and treaties entered into to facilitate this process.